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Terumbu Peringatan Neptunus: Perkuburan Bawah Air yang Juga Menciptakan Kehidupan


Sebuah kuburan bawah laut yang terletak di lepas pantai Key Biscayne, Florida, menciptakan banyak kehidupan laut di dasar laut yang pernah mandul. Neptune Memorial Reef, yang dikendalikan oleh penyedia perkhidmatan kremasi Neptune Society, adalah terumbu buatan manusia terbesar di dunia. Ia adalah tempat yang boleh dinikmati oleh orang hidup dan juga orang mati untuk berehat.

Terletak kira-kira tiga batu di lepas pantai dan 40 kaki di bawah air, Neptune Memorial Reef adalah makam bawah air pertama di dunia. Namun, ini memang lebih dari sekadar tempat peristirahatan terakhir bagi orang-orang yang mencintai alam dan lautan dalam kehidupan: ini adalah taman bawah laut dengan patung dan tiang simen yang rumit yang bertujuan untuk membangkitkan mitos Kota Hilang Atlantis.

Strukturnya direka untuk keindahan dan kesejahteraan persekitaran. Neptune menyatakan bahawa terumbunya "memenuhi garis panduan ketat dan izin EPA, DERM, NOAA, Florida Fish and Wildlife, dan Army Corps of Engineers." Kawasan ini dirancang untuk menahan taufan Kategori 5.

Krem orang yang “terkubur” di laman web ini dicampurkan dengan bahan yang membentuk terumbu, sehingga akhirnya menjadi sebahagian dari struktur terumbu. Penyebaran adalah nama rasmi Neptune memanggil proses berkembang ini. Struktur bawah laut menyediakan habitat bagi karang dan organisma laut. Satu kajian baru-baru ini yang dilakukan oleh Jabatan Pengurusan Sumber Alam Sekitar mendapati bahawa kehidupan laut di sekitar Memorial Reef telah meningkat dari "sifar hingga ribuan dalam dua tahun." Pada penghitungan terakhir, 56 spesies ikan dan 195 koloni karang telah dikenal pasti di "Reef."

Keluarga dari mereka yang kremanya dikerahkan di Memorial Reef digalakkan untuk berkunjung. Ada juga yang mendapat sijil menyelam untuk tujuan ini. "Reef," yang bebas dan terbuka untuk semua pengunjung, juga menarik perhatian masyarakat umum. Penyelam skuba, ahli biologi laut, pelajar, ahli ekologi, dan penyelidik berduyun-duyun ke laman web ini untuk mengagumi "Reef" dan untuk mengesan kemajuannya.

Apabila Terumbu Peringatan Neptunus selesai, strukturnya akan membentang di dasar laut seluas 16 ekar, menampung 125.000 pengebumian, dan menyediakan habitat lestari bagi sejumlah besar organisma lautan.


& # 8216Kuburkan saya di bawah laut & # 8217 mungkin di Neptune Memorial Reef & perkuburan bawah laut # 8217

Ketika Bert Kilbride meninggal pada bulan Mac pada 93 tahun, setelah 40 tahun mencari harta karun di perairan Kepulauan Virgin Britain, anaknya Gary mahukan tempat pengkebumian yang sesuai untuk ayahnya.

Dia menjumpainya kira-kira 3 batu di lepas pantai Miami Beach, kira-kira 45 kaki di bawah permukaan Atlantik biru. Neptune Memorial Reef, yang berfungsi sebagai tanah perkuburan bawah laut, tempat menyelam dan habitat buatan untuk ikan tropika, adalah gagasan Gary Levine dan rakannya Kim Brandell, seorang seniman dan arkitek yang memodelkannya di Lost City of Atlantis yang mitos.

Semasa anda berenang melalui gerbang setinggi 14 kaki di pintu masuk Neptune, anda akan melewati peninggalan Kilbride & # 8217, terbungkus simen di atas salah satu tiang di sana. Plak memperingati dia sebagai & # 8220 Lanun Terakhir Caribbean. & # 8221

& # 8220Dengan cara ini ia memenuhi keinginannya, dan juga memungkinkan keluarga dan rakan-rakan untuk mengunjunginya, & # 8221 anaknya, Gary Kilbride, 70, mengatakan, mengingatkan bahawa ayahnya pertama kali belajar menyelam Key Biscayne di 1947. The Guinness Book of World Records menyebut Bert Kilbride sebagai penyelam aktif tertua ketika berusia 90 tahun.

& # 8220Saya pasti dia akan sangat gembira kerana dia ditempatkan di sana, & # 8221 kata anaknya. & # 8220Dia mempunyai hubungan yang sangat dekat dengan laut. & # 8221

Brandell, pereka Neptunus & # 8217, memandang ciptaannya terutama sebagai daya tarikan buatan manusia untuk penyelam dan ikan eksotik.

& # 8220Salah satu tujuan utama saya adalah menjadikannya terumbu buatan yang paling banyak dikaji di dunia, & # 8221 kata Brandell. & # 8220Kami & # 8217 akan memberikan geran dan wang kepada universiti dan organisasi untuk melakukan penyelidikan yang menyeluruh. & # 8221

Harapannya adalah bahawa tempat-tempat seperti Neptunus & # 8220 menjadi tarikan menyelam yang sebenar, sehingga menghilangkan tekanan dari terumbu semula jadi kita, & # 8221 kata Keith Mille, pakar alam sekitar dengan Suruhanjaya Ikan dan Hidupan Liar Florida. Sekiranya projek itu berjaya, ekosistem dan ekonomi tempatan akan mendapat keuntungan, katanya.

Walaupun Neptunus secara terang-terangan memasang kenaikan persekitaran, tidak ada yang menghindari kenyataan bahawa terumbu dibiayai oleh permintaan yang semakin meningkat untuk pilihan pengebumian yang lebih murah. Neptune Society Inc., syarikat yang memasarkan terumbu, mengenakan bayaran dari $ 1,000 hingga $ 6,000 untuk pembakaran mayat dan plot bawah air. Untuk perkhidmatan serupa di atas air, harganya bermula dari sekitar $ 3,000.

Pengebumian bawah tanah tradisional, dengan peti mati dan tanah perkuburan, berharga rata-rata sekitar $ 7,300 dan boleh mencapai setinggi $ 28,700, menurut Jessica Koth, penyelaras komunikasi di Persatuan Pengebumian Nasional yang berpusat di Wisconsin.

Neptune Memorial Reef terletak di dalam Kawasan Pengurusan Khas Key Biscayne, kawasan terlindung yang dibuat pada tahun 1990 oleh Jabatan Perdagangan A.S. dan Pentadbiran Lautan dan Atmosfera Nasional untuk membatasi kesan penangkapan ikan yang tidak terkawal. Perangkap ikan dan pistol lembing dilarang di zon tersebut.

Pada asalnya, terumbu itu diberi nama Atlantis. Itu berubah setelah pemiliknya, Afterlife Services Inc., bekerjasama dengan Neptune Society dan syarikat induknya BG Capital tahun lalu untuk membentuk Neptune Reef LLC. Sejauh ini, Neptune telah menjual 50 tempat pengebumian, menurut presidennya, Jerry Norman.

Terumbu tersebut akhirnya akan meliputi dasar laut berpasir seluas 16 ekar dan menyimpan jenazah lebih daripada 100,000 individu, kata Norman.

Levine, yang dulu memiliki rantai runcit komputer kecil di Texas, muncul dengan idea menempatkan tanah perkuburan bawah laut di terumbu buatan pada tahun 2003. Dia mengambil masa empat tahun untuk memenangkan persetujuan yang diperlukan untuk membangunnya dari lebih dari selusin agensi persekutuan, negeri dan tempatan.

Levine mengatakan bahawa dia harus meyakinkan para pegawai bahawa Neptune dapat menahan ribut 100 tahun seperti Badai Katrina. Pembinaan bermula kira-kira setahun yang lalu. Brandell mengatakan bahawa dia berharap laman web ini dapat disiapkan dalam masa 7 hingga 10 tahun.

Ketika saya menghampiri terumbu pada awal pagi Sabtu pada bulan April, hanya pelampung kuning besar yang melambung dalam 2 kaki membengkak menandakan tempat itu. Kapal kecil kami melempar di laut yang berombak seperti mainan, peringatan bahawa laman web ini mesra penyelam hanya sekitar 90 hari sepanjang tahun, kerana lokasinya yang tidak berlindung.

Walaupun perutnya kembung, saya memutuskan untuk terjun ke dalam air. Tidak lama kemudian, seekor kura-kura laut gergasi bergabung dengan saya, meluncur hampir dengan lengan & # 8217s panjangnya.

Semasa saya berenang melalui lengkungan lebar yang menandakan pintu masuk ke terumbu, melewati tiang Romanesque yang menuju ke bahagian dalamnya, saya menemui dua singa gangsa setinggi 10 kaki. Sekolah-sekolah ikan tropika berwarna-warni ada di hadapan saya.

Sebilangan memetik alga dari singa & # 8217 kaki, sementara yang lain menggigit plak peringatan 12 orang yang jenazahnya sudah ada di sini. Sekumpulan penembak berjalur kuning melayang di atas podium bulat di tengah.

Tanah perkuburan dibuka pada bulan November, dan kehidupan laut cepat bergerak, menjadikan Neptune Memorial Reef sebagai rumah bagi sekolah ikan yang berkilauan, termasuk belut dan ikan pari.

Struktur simen terumbu ini menyediakan lubang pelindung, sudut dan celah pelindung yang membolehkan ikan bersembunyi dari pemangsa, dan permukaan berpori membantu karang melekat.

Mille mengatakan bahawa dia melihat lebih dari 30 spesies ikan di terumbu ketika struktur sedang dibina. Agensinya dan Miami-Dade County & # 8217s Department of Environmental Resources Management telah bekerjasama rapat dengan Neptune dalam perancangan dan penciptaan laman web ini.

Terumbu Neptunus & # 8220 adalah salah satu tetapan paling unik di dunia untuk peringatan bagi mereka yang telah meninggal dunia, & # 8221 kata Levine. & # 8220Mereka akan hidup semula sebagai sebahagian daripada ekosistem baru. & # 8221

Juan Quinones berkata, ayah angkatnya, Fred Sutton, seorang menteri berusia 79 tahun yang meninggal awal tahun ini, menyukai pelayaran lautan dan ingin abunya tersebar di laut. Quinones, 46, seorang akauntan yang berpusat di Fort Lauderdale, hanya mengetahui kehendak ayahnya melalui kehendaknya.

Dia merancang agar ayahnya terus diturunkan ke terumbu musim panas ini dan sedang mempertimbangkan untuk belajar menyelam sehingga dia dapat berada di sana untuk penempatan. Dia membeli sebidang di salah satu pintu masuk.

& # 8220Ayah saya selalu membuka tangannya untuk semua orang, jadi saya merasakan itu adalah tempat terbaik untuk meletakkannya, & # 8221 kata Quinones.

Dengan Neptune yang masih belum selesai, Levine sudah merancang untuk membina 50 ekar terumbu buatan di pesisir Florida, dengan bantuan syarikatnya, Reef Builders International. Terumbu ini akan ditujukan untuk kehidupan laut dan dibiayai melalui sumbangan.

Tidak kira seberapa cepat saya membina, kami tidak akan dapat mengatasi kadar kemusnahan terumbu kami, & # 8221 kata Levine. & # 8220Tetapi kita harus mencuba. & # 8221


& # 8216Kuburkan saya di bawah laut & # 8217 mungkin di Neptune Memorial Reef & perkuburan bawah laut # 8217

Ketika Bert Kilbride meninggal pada bulan Mac pada 93 tahun, setelah 40 tahun mencari harta karun di perairan Kepulauan Virgin Britain, anaknya Gary mahukan tempat pengebumian yang sesuai untuk ayahnya.

Dia menjumpainya kira-kira 3 batu di lepas pantai Miami Beach, kira-kira 45 kaki di bawah permukaan Atlantik biru. Neptune Memorial Reef, yang berfungsi sebagai tanah perkuburan bawah laut, tempat menyelam dan habitat buatan untuk ikan tropika, adalah gagasan Gary Levine dan rakannya Kim Brandell, seorang seniman dan arkitek yang memodelkannya di Lost City of Atlantis yang mitos.

Semasa anda berenang melalui gerbang setinggi 14 kaki di pintu masuk Neptune, anda akan melewati peninggalan Kilbride & # 8217, terbungkus simen di atas salah satu tiang di sana. Plak memperingati dia sebagai & # 8220 Lanun Terakhir Caribbean. & # 8221

& # 8220Dengan cara ini ia memenuhi keinginannya, dan juga memungkinkan keluarga dan rakan-rakan untuk mengunjunginya, & # 8221 anaknya, Gary Kilbride, 70, mengatakan, mengingatkan bahawa ayahnya pertama kali belajar menyelam Key Biscayne di 1947. The Guinness Book of World Records menyebut Bert Kilbride sebagai penyelam aktif tertua ketika berusia 90 tahun.

& # 8220Saya pasti dia akan sangat gembira kerana dia ditempatkan di sana, & # 8221 kata anaknya. & # 8220Dia mempunyai hubungan yang sangat dekat dengan laut. & # 8221

Brandell, pereka Neptunus & # 8217, memandang ciptaannya terutama sebagai daya tarikan buatan manusia untuk penyelam dan ikan eksotik.

& # 8220Salah satu tujuan utama saya adalah menjadikannya terumbu buatan yang paling banyak dikaji di dunia, & # 8221 kata Brandell. & # 8220Kami & # 8217 akan memberikan geran dan wang kepada universiti dan organisasi untuk melakukan penyelidikan yang menyeluruh. & # 8221

Harapannya adalah bahawa tempat-tempat seperti Neptunus & # 8220 menjadi tarikan menyelam yang sebenar, sehingga menghilangkan tekanan dari terumbu semula jadi kita, & # 8221 kata Keith Mille, pakar alam sekitar dengan Suruhanjaya Ikan dan Hidupan Liar Florida. Sekiranya projek itu berjaya, ekosistem dan ekonomi tempatan akan mendapat keuntungan, katanya.

Walaupun Neptunus secara terang-terangan memasang kenaikan persekitaran, tidak ada yang menghindari kenyataan bahawa terumbu dibiayai oleh permintaan yang semakin meningkat untuk pilihan pengebumian yang lebih murah. Neptune Society Inc., syarikat yang memasarkan terumbu, mengenakan bayaran dari $ 1,000 hingga $ 6,000 untuk pembakaran mayat dan plot bawah air. Untuk perkhidmatan serupa di atas air, harganya bermula dari sekitar $ 3,000.

Pengebumian bawah tanah tradisional, dengan peti mati dan tanah perkuburan, berharga rata-rata sekitar $ 7,300 dan boleh mencapai setinggi $ 28,700, menurut Jessica Koth, penyelaras komunikasi di Persatuan Pengebumian Nasional yang berpusat di Wisconsin.

Neptune Memorial Reef terletak di dalam Kawasan Pengurusan Khas Key Biscayne, kawasan terlindung yang dibuat pada tahun 1990 oleh Jabatan Perdagangan A.S. dan Pentadbiran Lautan dan Atmosfera Nasional untuk membatasi kesan penangkapan ikan yang tidak terkawal. Perangkap ikan dan pistol lembing dilarang di zon tersebut.

Pada asalnya, terumbu itu diberi nama Atlantis. Itu berubah setelah pemiliknya, Afterlife Services Inc., bekerjasama dengan Neptune Society dan induknya BG Capital tahun lalu untuk membentuk Neptune Reef LLC. Sejauh ini, Neptune telah menjual 50 tempat pengebumian, menurut presidennya, Jerry Norman.

Terumbu itu akhirnya akan meliputi dasar laut berpasir seluas 16 ekar dan menyimpan jenazah lebih daripada 100,000 individu, kata Norman.

Levine, yang dulu memiliki rantai runcit komputer kecil di Texas, muncul dengan idea menempatkan tanah perkuburan bawah laut di terumbu buatan pada tahun 2003. Dia mengambil masa empat tahun untuk memenangkan persetujuan yang diperlukan untuk membangunnya dari lebih dari selusin agensi persekutuan, negeri dan tempatan.

Levine mengatakan bahawa dia harus meyakinkan para pegawai bahawa Neptune dapat menahan ribut 100 tahun seperti Badai Katrina. Pembinaan bermula kira-kira setahun yang lalu. Brandell mengatakan bahawa dia berharap laman web ini dapat disiapkan dalam masa 7 hingga 10 tahun.

Ketika saya menghampiri terumbu pada awal pagi Sabtu pada bulan April, hanya pelampung kuning besar yang melambung dalam 2 kaki membengkak menandakan tempat itu. Kapal kecil kami melempar di laut yang berombak seperti mainan, peringatan bahawa laman web ini mesra penyelam hanya sekitar 90 hari sepanjang tahun, kerana lokasinya yang tidak berlindung.

Walaupun perutnya kembung, saya memutuskan untuk terjun ke dalam air. Tidak lama kemudian, seekor kura-kura laut gergasi bergabung dengan saya, meluncur hampir dengan lengan & # 8217s jaraknya.

Semasa saya berenang melalui lengkungan lebar yang menandakan pintu masuk ke terumbu, melewati tiang Romanesque yang menuju ke bahagian dalamnya, saya menemui dua singa gangsa setinggi 10 kaki. Sekolah-sekolah ikan tropika berwarna-warni ada di hadapan saya.

Sebilangan memetik alga dari singa & # 8217 kaki, sementara yang lain menggigit plak peringatan 12 orang yang jenazahnya sudah ada di sini. Sekumpulan penembak berjalur kuning melayang di atas podium bulat di tengah.

Tanah perkuburan dibuka pada bulan November, dan kehidupan laut cepat bergerak, menjadikan Neptune Memorial Reef sebagai rumah bagi sekolah ikan yang berkilauan, termasuk belut dan ikan pari.

Struktur simen terumbu ini menyediakan lubang pelindung, sudut dan celah pelindung yang membolehkan ikan bersembunyi dari pemangsa, dan permukaan berpori membantu karang melekat.

Mille mengatakan bahawa dia melihat lebih dari 30 spesies ikan di terumbu ketika struktur sedang dibina. Agensinya dan Miami-Dade County & # 8217s Department of Environmental Resources Management telah bekerjasama rapat dengan Neptune dalam perancangan dan penciptaan laman web ini.

Terumbu Neptune & # 8220 adalah salah satu tetapan paling unik di dunia untuk peringatan bagi mereka yang telah meninggal dunia, & # 8221 kata Levine. & # 8220Mereka akan hidup semula sebagai sebahagian daripada ekosistem baru. & # 8221

Juan Quinones berkata, ayah angkatnya, Fred Sutton, seorang menteri berusia 79 tahun yang meninggal awal tahun ini, menyukai pelayaran lautan dan ingin abunya tersebar di laut. Quinones, 46, seorang akauntan yang berpusat di Fort Lauderdale, hanya mengetahui kehendak ayahnya melalui kehendaknya.

Dia merancang agar ayahnya terus diturunkan ke terumbu musim panas ini dan sedang mempertimbangkan untuk belajar menyelam sehingga dia dapat berada di sana untuk penempatan. Dia membeli sebidang di salah satu pintu masuk.

& # 8220Ayah saya selalu membuka tangannya untuk semua orang, jadi saya merasakan itu adalah tempat terbaik untuk meletakkannya, & # 8221 kata Quinones.

Dengan Neptune yang masih belum selesai, Levine sudah merancang untuk membina 50 ekar terumbu buatan di pesisir Florida, dengan bantuan syarikatnya, Reef Builders International. Terumbu ini akan ditujukan untuk kehidupan laut dan dibiayai melalui sumbangan.

Tidak kira seberapa cepat saya membina, kami tidak akan dapat mengatasi kadar kemusnahan terumbu kami, & # 8221 kata Levine. & # 8220Tetapi kita harus mencuba. & # 8221


& # 8216Kuburkan saya di bawah laut & # 8217 mungkin di Neptune Memorial Reef & perkuburan bawah laut # 8217

Ketika Bert Kilbride meninggal pada bulan Mac pada 93 tahun, setelah 40 tahun mencari harta karun di perairan Kepulauan Virgin Britain, anaknya Gary mahukan tempat pengebumian yang sesuai untuk ayahnya.

Dia menjumpainya kira-kira 3 batu di lepas pantai Miami Beach, kira-kira 45 kaki di bawah permukaan Atlantik biru. Neptune Memorial Reef, yang berfungsi sebagai tanah perkuburan bawah laut, tempat menyelam dan habitat buatan untuk ikan tropika, adalah gagasan Gary Levine dan rakannya Kim Brandell, seorang seniman dan arkitek yang memodelkannya di Kota Hilang Atlantis yang mitos.

Semasa anda berenang melalui gerbang setinggi 14 kaki di pintu masuk Neptune, anda akan melewati peninggalan Kilbride & # 8217, terbungkus simen di atas salah satu tiang di sana. Plak memperingati dia sebagai & # 8220 Lanun Terakhir Caribbean. & # 8221

& # 8220Dengan cara ini ia memenuhi keinginannya, dan juga memungkinkan keluarga dan rakan-rakan untuk mengunjunginya, & # 8221 anaknya, Gary Kilbride, 70, mengatakan, mengingatkan bahawa ayahnya pertama kali belajar menyelam Key Biscayne di 1947. The Guinness Book of World Records menyebut Bert Kilbride sebagai penyelam aktif tertua ketika berusia 90 tahun.

& # 8220Saya pasti dia akan sangat gembira kerana dia ditempatkan di sana, & # 8221 kata anaknya. & # 8220Dia mempunyai hubungan yang sangat dekat dengan laut. & # 8221

Brandell, pereka Neptunus & # 8217, memandang ciptaannya terutama sebagai daya tarikan buatan manusia untuk penyelam dan ikan eksotik.

& # 8220Salah satu tujuan utama saya adalah menjadikannya terumbu buatan yang paling banyak dikaji di dunia, & # 8221 kata Brandell. & # 8220Kami & # 8217 akan memberikan geran dan wang kepada universiti dan organisasi untuk melakukan penyelidikan yang menyeluruh. & # 8221

Harapannya adalah bahawa tempat-tempat seperti Neptunus & # 8220 menjadi tarikan menyelam yang sebenar, sehingga menghilangkan tekanan dari terumbu semula jadi kita, & # 8221 kata Keith Mille, pakar alam sekitar dengan Suruhanjaya Ikan dan Hidupan Liar Florida. Sekiranya projek itu berjaya, ekosistem dan ekonomi tempatan akan mendapat keuntungan, katanya.

Walaupun Neptunus secara terang-terangan memasang kenaikan persekitaran, tidak ada yang menghindari kenyataan bahawa terumbu dibiayai oleh permintaan yang semakin meningkat untuk pilihan pengebumian yang lebih murah. Neptune Society Inc., syarikat yang memasarkan terumbu, mengenakan bayaran dari $ 1,000 hingga $ 6,000 untuk pembakaran mayat dan plot bawah air. Untuk perkhidmatan serupa di atas air, harganya bermula dari sekitar $ 3,000.

Pengebumian bawah tanah tradisional, dengan peti mati dan tanah perkuburan, berharga rata-rata sekitar $ 7,300 dan boleh mencapai setinggi $ 28,700, menurut Jessica Koth, penyelaras komunikasi di Persatuan Pengebumian Nasional yang berpusat di Wisconsin.

Neptune Memorial Reef terletak di dalam Kawasan Pengurusan Khas Key Biscayne, kawasan terlindung yang dibuat pada tahun 1990 oleh Jabatan Perdagangan A.S. dan Pentadbiran Lautan dan Atmosfera Nasional untuk membatasi kesan penangkapan ikan yang tidak terkawal. Perangkap ikan dan pistol lembing dilarang di zon tersebut.

Pada asalnya, terumbu itu diberi nama Atlantis. Itu berubah setelah pemiliknya, Afterlife Services Inc., bekerjasama dengan Neptune Society dan induknya BG Capital tahun lalu untuk membentuk Neptune Reef LLC. Sejauh ini, Neptune telah menjual 50 tempat pengebumian, menurut presidennya, Jerry Norman.

Terumbu itu akhirnya akan meliputi dasar laut berpasir seluas 16 ekar dan menyimpan jenazah lebih daripada 100,000 individu, kata Norman.

Levine, yang dulu memiliki rantai runcit komputer kecil di Texas, muncul dengan idea menempatkan tanah perkuburan bawah laut di terumbu buatan pada tahun 2003. Dia mengambil masa empat tahun untuk memenangkan persetujuan yang diperlukan untuk membangunnya dari lebih dari selusin agensi persekutuan, negeri dan tempatan.

Levine mengatakan bahawa dia harus meyakinkan para pegawai bahawa Neptune dapat menahan ribut 100 tahun seperti Badai Katrina. Pembinaan bermula kira-kira setahun yang lalu. Brandell mengatakan bahawa dia berharap dapat menyelesaikan laman web tersebut dalam 7 hingga 10 tahun.

Ketika saya menghampiri terumbu pada awal pagi Sabtu pada bulan April, hanya pelampung kuning besar yang melambung dalam 2 kaki membengkak menandakan tempat itu. Kapal kecil kami melempar di laut yang berombak seperti mainan, peringatan bahawa laman web ini mesra penyelam hanya sekitar 90 hari sepanjang tahun, kerana lokasinya yang tidak berlindung.

Walaupun perutnya kembung, saya memutuskan untuk terjun ke dalam air. Tidak lama kemudian, seekor kura-kura laut gergasi bergabung dengan saya, meluncur hampir dengan lengan & # 8217s jaraknya.

Semasa saya berenang melalui lengkungan lebar yang menandakan pintu masuk ke terumbu, melewati tiang Romanesque yang menuju ke bahagian dalamnya, saya menemui dua singa gangsa setinggi 10 kaki. Sekolah-sekolah ikan tropika berwarna-warni ada di hadapan saya.

Sebilangan memetik alga dari singa & # 8217 kaki, sementara yang lain menggigit plak peringatan 12 orang yang jenazahnya sudah ada di sini. Sekumpulan penembak berjalur kuning melayang di atas podium bulat di tengah.

Tanah perkuburan dibuka pada bulan November, dan kehidupan laut cepat bergerak, menjadikan Neptune Memorial Reef sebagai rumah bagi sekolah ikan yang berkilauan, termasuk belut dan ikan pari.

Struktur simen terumbu menyediakan lubang pelindung, sudut dan celah pelindung yang membolehkan ikan bersembunyi dari pemangsa, dan permukaan berpori membantu karang melekat.

Mille mengatakan bahawa dia melihat lebih dari 30 spesies ikan di terumbu ketika struktur sedang dibina. Agensinya dan Miami-Dade County & # 8217s Department of Environmental Resources Management telah bekerjasama rapat dengan Neptune dalam perancangan dan penciptaan laman web ini.

Terumbu Neptunus & # 8220 adalah salah satu tetapan paling unik di dunia untuk peringatan bagi mereka yang telah meninggal dunia, & # 8221 kata Levine. & # 8220Mereka akan hidup semula sebagai sebahagian daripada ekosistem baru. & # 8221

Juan Quinones berkata, ayah angkatnya, Fred Sutton, seorang menteri berusia 79 tahun yang meninggal awal tahun ini, menyukai pelayaran lautan dan ingin abunya tersebar di laut. Quinones, 46, seorang akauntan yang berpusat di Fort Lauderdale, hanya mengetahui kehendak ayahnya melalui kehendaknya.

Dia merancang agar ayahnya terus diturunkan ke terumbu musim panas ini dan sedang mempertimbangkan untuk belajar menyelam sehingga dia dapat berada di sana untuk penempatan. Dia membeli sebidang di salah satu pintu masuk.

& # 8220Ayah saya selalu membuka tangannya untuk semua orang, jadi saya merasakan itu adalah tempat terbaik untuk meletakkannya, & # 8221 kata Quinones.

Dengan Neptune yang masih jauh, Levine sudah merancang untuk membina 50 ekar terumbu tiruan di luar pantai Florida, dengan bantuan syarikatnya, Reef Builders International. Terumbu ini akan ditujukan untuk kehidupan laut dan dibiayai melalui sumbangan.

Tidak kira seberapa cepat saya membina, kami tidak akan dapat mengatasi kadar kemusnahan terumbu kami, & # 8221 kata Levine. & # 8220Tetapi kita harus mencuba. & # 8221


& # 8216Kuburkan saya di bawah laut & # 8217 mungkin di Neptune Memorial Reef & perkuburan bawah laut # 8217

Ketika Bert Kilbride meninggal pada bulan Mac pada 93 tahun, setelah 40 tahun mencari harta karun di perairan Kepulauan Virgin Britain, anaknya Gary mahukan tempat pengkebumian yang sesuai untuk ayahnya.

Dia menjumpainya kira-kira 3 batu di lepas pantai Miami Beach, kira-kira 45 kaki di bawah permukaan Atlantik biru. Neptune Memorial Reef, yang berfungsi sebagai tanah perkuburan bawah laut, tempat menyelam dan habitat buatan untuk ikan tropika, adalah gagasan Gary Levine dan rakannya Kim Brandell, seorang seniman dan arkitek yang memodelkannya di Lost City of Atlantis yang mitos.

Semasa anda berenang melalui gerbang setinggi 14 kaki di pintu masuk Neptune, anda akan melewati peninggalan Kilbride & # 8217, terbungkus simen di atas salah satu tiang di sana. Sebuah plak memperingati dia sebagai & # 8220 Lanun Terakhir Caribbean. & # 8221

& # 8220Dengan cara ini ia memenuhi keinginannya, dan juga memungkinkan keluarga dan rakan-rakan untuk mengunjunginya, & # 8221 anaknya, Gary Kilbride, 70, mengatakan, mengingatkan bahawa ayahnya pertama kali belajar menyelam Key Biscayne di 1947. The Guinness Book of World Records menyebut Bert Kilbride sebagai penyelam aktif tertua ketika berusia 90 tahun.

& # 8220Saya pasti dia akan sangat gembira kerana dia ditempatkan di sana, & # 8221 kata anaknya. & # 8220Dia mempunyai hubungan yang sangat dekat dengan laut. & # 8221

Brandell, pereka Neptunus & # 8217, memandang ciptaannya terutama sebagai daya tarikan buatan manusia untuk penyelam dan ikan eksotik.

& # 8220Salah satu tujuan utama saya ialah menjadikannya terumbu buatan yang paling banyak dikaji di dunia, & # 8221 kata Brandell. & # 8220Kami & # 8217 akan memberikan geran dan wang kepada universiti dan organisasi untuk melakukan penyelidikan yang menyeluruh. & # 8221

Harapannya adalah bahawa tempat-tempat seperti Neptunus & # 8220 menjadi tarikan menyelam yang sebenar, sehingga menghilangkan tekanan dari terumbu semula jadi kita, & # 8221 kata Keith Mille, pakar alam sekitar dengan Suruhanjaya Ikan dan Hidupan Liar Florida. Sekiranya projek itu berjaya, ekosistem dan ekonomi tempatan akan mendapat keuntungan, katanya.

Walaupun Neptunus secara terang-terangan memasang kenaikan persekitaran, tidak ada yang menghindari kenyataan bahawa terumbu dibiayai oleh permintaan yang semakin meningkat untuk pilihan pengebumian yang lebih murah. Neptune Society Inc., syarikat yang memasarkan terumbu, mengenakan bayaran dari $ 1,000 hingga $ 6,000 untuk pembakaran mayat dan plot bawah air. Untuk perkhidmatan serupa di atas air, harganya bermula dari sekitar $ 3,000.

Pengebumian bawah tanah tradisional, dengan peti mati dan tanah perkuburan, berharga rata-rata sekitar $ 7,300 dan boleh mencapai setinggi $ 28,700, menurut Jessica Koth, penyelaras komunikasi di Persatuan Pengebumian Nasional yang berpusat di Wisconsin.

Neptune Memorial Reef terletak di dalam Kawasan Pengurusan Khas Key Biscayne, kawasan terlindung yang dibuat pada tahun 1990 oleh Jabatan Perdagangan A.S. dan Pentadbiran Lautan dan Atmosfera Nasional untuk membatasi kesan penangkapan ikan yang tidak terkawal. Perangkap ikan dan pistol lembing dilarang di zon tersebut.

Pada asalnya, terumbu itu diberi nama Atlantis. Itu berubah setelah pemiliknya, Afterlife Services Inc., bekerjasama dengan Neptune Society dan syarikat induknya BG Capital tahun lalu untuk membentuk Neptune Reef LLC. Sejauh ini, Neptune telah menjual 50 tempat pengebumian, menurut presidennya, Jerry Norman.

Terumbu itu akhirnya akan meliputi dasar laut berpasir seluas 16 ekar dan menyimpan jenazah lebih daripada 100,000 individu, kata Norman.

Levine, yang dulu memiliki rantai runcit komputer kecil di Texas, muncul dengan idea menempatkan tanah perkuburan bawah laut di terumbu buatan pada tahun 2003. Dia mengambil masa empat tahun untuk memenangkan persetujuan yang diperlukan untuk membangunnya dari lebih dari selusin agensi persekutuan, negeri dan tempatan.

Levine mengatakan bahawa dia harus meyakinkan para pegawai bahawa Neptune dapat menahan ribut 100 tahun seperti Badai Katrina. Pembinaan bermula kira-kira setahun yang lalu. Brandell mengatakan bahawa dia berharap laman web ini dapat disiapkan dalam masa 7 hingga 10 tahun.

Ketika saya menghampiri terumbu pada awal pagi Sabtu pada bulan April, hanya pelampung kuning besar yang melambung dalam 2 kaki membengkak menandakan tempat itu. Kapal kecil kami melempar di laut yang berombak seperti mainan, peringatan bahawa laman web ini mesra penyelam hanya sekitar 90 hari sepanjang tahun, kerana lokasinya yang tidak berlindung.

Walaupun perutnya kembung, saya memutuskan untuk terjun ke dalam air. Tidak lama kemudian, seekor kura-kura laut gergasi bergabung dengan saya, meluncur hampir dengan lengan & # 8217s jaraknya.

Semasa saya berenang melalui lengkungan lebar yang menandakan pintu masuk ke terumbu, melewati tiang Romanesque yang menuju ke bahagian dalamnya, saya menemui dua singa gangsa setinggi 10 kaki. Sekolah-sekolah ikan tropika berwarna-warni ada di hadapan saya.

Sebilangan memetik alga dari singa & # 8217 kaki, sementara yang lain menggigit plak peringatan 12 orang yang jenazahnya sudah ada di sini. Sekumpulan penembak berjalur kuning melayang di atas podium bulat di tengah.

Tanah perkuburan dibuka pada bulan November, dan kehidupan laut cepat bergerak, menjadikan Neptune Memorial Reef sebagai rumah bagi sekolah ikan yang berkilauan, termasuk belut dan ikan pari.

Struktur simen terumbu ini menyediakan lubang pelindung, sudut dan celah pelindung yang membolehkan ikan bersembunyi dari pemangsa, dan permukaan berpori membantu karang melekat.

Mille mengatakan bahawa dia melihat lebih dari 30 spesies ikan di terumbu ketika struktur sedang dibina. Agensinya dan Miami-Dade County & # 8217s Department of Environmental Resources Management telah bekerjasama rapat dengan Neptune dalam perancangan dan penciptaan laman web ini.

Terumbu Neptune & # 8220 adalah salah satu tetapan paling unik di dunia untuk peringatan bagi mereka yang telah meninggal dunia, & # 8221 kata Levine. & # 8220Mereka akan hidup semula sebagai sebahagian daripada ekosistem baru. & # 8221

Juan Quinones berkata, ayah angkatnya, Fred Sutton, seorang menteri berusia 79 tahun yang meninggal awal tahun ini, menyukai pelayaran lautan dan ingin abunya tersebar di laut. Quinones, 46, seorang akauntan yang berpusat di Fort Lauderdale, hanya mengetahui kehendak ayahnya melalui kehendaknya.

Dia merancang agar ayahnya terus diturunkan ke terumbu musim panas ini dan sedang mempertimbangkan untuk belajar menyelam sehingga dia dapat berada di sana untuk penempatan. Dia membeli sebidang di salah satu pintu masuk.

& # 8220Ayah saya selalu membuka tangannya untuk semua orang, jadi saya merasakan itu adalah tempat terbaik untuk meletakkannya, & # 8221 kata Quinones.

Dengan Neptune yang masih jauh, Levine sudah merancang untuk membina 50 ekar terumbu tiruan di luar pantai Florida, dengan bantuan syarikatnya, Reef Builders International. Terumbu ini akan ditujukan untuk kehidupan laut dan dibiayai melalui sumbangan.

Tidak kira seberapa cepat saya membina, kami tidak akan dapat mengatasi kadar kemusnahan terumbu kami, & # 8221 kata Levine. & # 8220Tetapi kita harus mencuba. & # 8221


& # 8216Kuburkan saya di bawah laut & # 8217 mungkin di Neptune Memorial Reef & perkuburan bawah laut # 8217

Ketika Bert Kilbride meninggal pada bulan Mac pada 93 tahun, setelah 40 tahun mencari harta karun di perairan Kepulauan Virgin Britain, anaknya Gary mahukan tempat pengebumian yang sesuai untuk ayahnya.

Dia menjumpainya kira-kira 3 batu di lepas pantai Miami Beach, kira-kira 45 kaki di bawah permukaan Atlantik biru. Neptune Memorial Reef, yang berfungsi sebagai tanah perkuburan bawah laut, tempat menyelam dan habitat buatan untuk ikan tropika, adalah gagasan Gary Levine dan rakannya Kim Brandell, seorang seniman dan arkitek yang memodelkannya di Kota Hilang Atlantis yang mitos.

Semasa anda berenang melalui gerbang setinggi 14 kaki di pintu masuk Neptune, anda akan melewati peninggalan Kilbride & # 8217, terbungkus simen di atas salah satu tiang di sana. Plak memperingati dia sebagai & # 8220 Pirate Terakhir Caribbean. & # 8221

& # 8220Dengan cara ini ia memenuhi keinginannya, dan juga memungkinkan keluarga dan rakan-rakan untuk mengunjunginya, & # 8221 anaknya, Gary Kilbride, 70, mengatakan, mengingatkan bahawa ayahnya pertama kali belajar menyelam Key Biscayne di 1947. The Guinness Book of World Records menyebut Bert Kilbride sebagai penyelam aktif tertua ketika berusia 90 tahun.

& # 8220Saya pasti dia akan sangat gembira kerana dia ditempatkan di sana, & # 8221 kata anaknya. & # 8220Dia mempunyai hubungan yang sangat dekat dengan laut. & # 8221

Brandell, pereka Neptunus & # 8217, memandang ciptaannya terutamanya sebagai daya tarikan buatan manusia untuk penyelam dan ikan eksotik.

& # 8220Salah satu tujuan utama saya ialah menjadikannya terumbu buatan yang paling banyak dikaji di dunia, & # 8221 kata Brandell. & # 8220Kami & # 8217 akan memberikan geran dan wang kepada universiti dan organisasi untuk melakukan penyelidikan yang menyeluruh. & # 8221

Harapannya adalah bahawa tempat-tempat seperti Neptunus & # 8220 menjadi tarikan menyelam yang sebenar, sehingga menghilangkan tekanan dari terumbu semula jadi kita, & # 8221 kata Keith Mille, pakar alam sekitar dengan Suruhanjaya Ikan dan Hidupan Liar Florida. Sekiranya projek itu berjaya, ekosistem dan ekonomi tempatan akan mendapat keuntungan, katanya.

Walaupun Neptunus secara terang-terangan memasang kenaikan persekitaran, tidak ada yang menghindari kenyataan bahawa terumbu dibiayai oleh permintaan yang semakin meningkat untuk pilihan pengebumian yang lebih murah. Neptune Society Inc., syarikat yang memasarkan terumbu, mengenakan bayaran dari $ 1,000 hingga $ 6,000 untuk pembakaran mayat dan plot bawah air. For similar services above water, its rates start at about $3,000.

A traditional underground burial, with casket and cemetery plot, costs on average about $7,300 and can range as high as $28,700, according to Jessica Koth, communications coordinator at the Wisconsin-based National Funeral Directors Association.

Neptune Memorial Reef is situated within the Key Biscayne Special Management Zone, a protected area created in 1990 by the U.S. Department of Commerce and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration to limit the impact of unrestrained fishing. Fish traps and spear guns are prohibited in the zone.

Originally, the reef was named for Atlantis. That changed after its owner, Afterlife Services Inc., partnered with Neptune Society and its parent BG Capital last year to form Neptune Reef LLC. So far, Neptune has sold 50 burial sites, according to its president, Jerry Norman.

The reef will eventually cover 16 acres of sandy ocean floor and hold the remains of more than 100,000 individuals, Norman said.

Levine, who used to own a small computer retail chain in Texas, came up with the idea of situating an undersea burial ground within an artificial reef in 2003. It took him four years to win the necessary approvals to build it from more than a dozen federal, state and local agencies.

Levine said he had to convince officials that Neptune could withstand a 100-year storm such as Hurricane Katrina. Construction began about a year ago. Brandell said he hopes to have the site completed within 7 to 10 years.

As I approach the reef early one Saturday morning in April, only a big yellow buoy bouncing in 2-foot swells marks the spot. Our small vessel tosses on the choppy sea like a toy, a reminder that the site is diver-friendly for only about 90 days out of the year, due to its unsheltered location.

Despite a churning stomach, I decide to plunge into the water. Soon, a giant sea turtle joins me, skimming by barely an arm’s length away.

As I swim through the wide archway that marks the entrance to the reef, past Romanesque columns that lead to its interior, I come upon two regal 10-foot-tall bronze lions. Schools of colorful tropical fish part in front of me.

Some pluck algae from the lions’ paws, while others nibble on the memorial plaques of the 12 people whose remains are already here. A group of yellow-striped snappers hovers above a round podium in the center.

The cemetery opened in November, and the sea life has been quick to move in, making Neptune Memorial Reef a home for shimmying schools of fish, including eel and stingrays.

The reef’s cement structures provide protective cubby holes, nooks and crannies that allow fish to hide from predators, and the porous surface helps coral to attach.

Mille said he saw more than 30 species of fish at the reef while the structures were being put in place. His agency and Miami-Dade County’s Department of Environmental Resources Management have been working closely with Neptune in the planning and creation of the site.

The Neptune reef “is one of the most unique settings in the world for a memorial to those who have died,” Levine said. “They will, in essence, live again as part of a new ecosystem.”

Juan Quinones said his adoptive father, Fred Sutton, a 79- year-old minister who died earlier this year, loved ocean cruises and wanted his ashes spread at sea. Quinones, 46, a Fort Lauderdale-based accountant, only learned of his dad’s wishes through his will.

He plans to have his father’s remains lowered into the reef this summer and is considering learning to scuba-dive so he can be there for the placement. He bought a plot on one of the entrance gates.

“My dad always had his arms open for everybody, so I felt that was the best place to put him,” Quinones said.

With Neptune still a long way from done, Levine is already planning to build 50 more acres of artificial reefs off the Florida coast, with the help of his company, Reef Builders International. These reefs will be strictly for sea life and financed through donations.

“No matter how fast I build, we could never overcome the rate of destruction of our reefs,” Levine said. “But we have to try.”


‘Bury me under the sea’ possible at Neptune Memorial Reef’s underwater cemetery

When Bert Kilbride died in March at 93, after 40 years of trolling for sunken treasure in the waters off the British Virgin Islands, his son Gary wanted a fitting burial site for his dad.

He found it about 3 miles off the coast of Miami Beach, some 45 feet beneath the surface of the blue Atlantic. Neptune Memorial Reef, which doubles as an underwater cemetery, diving site and artificial habitat for tropical fish, is the brainchild of Gary Levine and his friend Kim Brandell, an artist and architect who modeled it on the mythical Lost City of Atlantis.

As you swim through the 14-foot-high gates at the entrance to Neptune, you’ll pass Kilbride’s remains, encased in cement atop one of the columns there. A plaque commemorates him as the “Last Pirate of the Caribbean.”

“In this way it is fulfilling his wishes, and it also makes it possible for family and friends to visit him,” his son, Gary Kilbride, 70, said, recalling that his father first learned to dive off Key Biscayne in 1947. The Guinness Book of World Records cited Bert Kilbride as the oldest active diver when he was 90.

“I am sure he would be very, very pleased that he is placed there,” his son said. “He had a very close connection to the sea.”

Brandell, Neptune’s designer, views his creation primarily as a manmade lure for divers and exotic fish.

“One of my main goals is to have this be the most studied artificial reef in the world,” Brandell said. “We’ll give grants and money to universities and organizations to do extensive research.”

The hope is that places such as Neptune “become real diving attractions, hence taking the pressure off our natural reefs,” said Keith Mille, an environmental specialist with the Florida Fish and Wildlife Commission. If the project succeeds, both the ecosystem and the local economy will profit, he said.

Though Neptune openly plugs the environmental upside, there’s no avoiding the fact that the reef is financed by the increasing demand for cheaper burial options. Neptune Society Inc., the company that markets the reef, charges from $1,000 to $6,000 for cremation and an underwater plot. For similar services above water, its rates start at about $3,000.

A traditional underground burial, with casket and cemetery plot, costs on average about $7,300 and can range as high as $28,700, according to Jessica Koth, communications coordinator at the Wisconsin-based National Funeral Directors Association.

Neptune Memorial Reef is situated within the Key Biscayne Special Management Zone, a protected area created in 1990 by the U.S. Department of Commerce and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration to limit the impact of unrestrained fishing. Fish traps and spear guns are prohibited in the zone.

Originally, the reef was named for Atlantis. That changed after its owner, Afterlife Services Inc., partnered with Neptune Society and its parent BG Capital last year to form Neptune Reef LLC. So far, Neptune has sold 50 burial sites, according to its president, Jerry Norman.

The reef will eventually cover 16 acres of sandy ocean floor and hold the remains of more than 100,000 individuals, Norman said.

Levine, who used to own a small computer retail chain in Texas, came up with the idea of situating an undersea burial ground within an artificial reef in 2003. It took him four years to win the necessary approvals to build it from more than a dozen federal, state and local agencies.

Levine said he had to convince officials that Neptune could withstand a 100-year storm such as Hurricane Katrina. Construction began about a year ago. Brandell said he hopes to have the site completed within 7 to 10 years.

As I approach the reef early one Saturday morning in April, only a big yellow buoy bouncing in 2-foot swells marks the spot. Our small vessel tosses on the choppy sea like a toy, a reminder that the site is diver-friendly for only about 90 days out of the year, due to its unsheltered location.

Despite a churning stomach, I decide to plunge into the water. Soon, a giant sea turtle joins me, skimming by barely an arm’s length away.

As I swim through the wide archway that marks the entrance to the reef, past Romanesque columns that lead to its interior, I come upon two regal 10-foot-tall bronze lions. Schools of colorful tropical fish part in front of me.

Some pluck algae from the lions’ paws, while others nibble on the memorial plaques of the 12 people whose remains are already here. A group of yellow-striped snappers hovers above a round podium in the center.

The cemetery opened in November, and the sea life has been quick to move in, making Neptune Memorial Reef a home for shimmying schools of fish, including eel and stingrays.

The reef’s cement structures provide protective cubby holes, nooks and crannies that allow fish to hide from predators, and the porous surface helps coral to attach.

Mille said he saw more than 30 species of fish at the reef while the structures were being put in place. His agency and Miami-Dade County’s Department of Environmental Resources Management have been working closely with Neptune in the planning and creation of the site.

The Neptune reef “is one of the most unique settings in the world for a memorial to those who have died,” Levine said. “They will, in essence, live again as part of a new ecosystem.”

Juan Quinones said his adoptive father, Fred Sutton, a 79- year-old minister who died earlier this year, loved ocean cruises and wanted his ashes spread at sea. Quinones, 46, a Fort Lauderdale-based accountant, only learned of his dad’s wishes through his will.

He plans to have his father’s remains lowered into the reef this summer and is considering learning to scuba-dive so he can be there for the placement. He bought a plot on one of the entrance gates.

“My dad always had his arms open for everybody, so I felt that was the best place to put him,” Quinones said.

With Neptune still a long way from done, Levine is already planning to build 50 more acres of artificial reefs off the Florida coast, with the help of his company, Reef Builders International. These reefs will be strictly for sea life and financed through donations.

“No matter how fast I build, we could never overcome the rate of destruction of our reefs,” Levine said. “But we have to try.”


‘Bury me under the sea’ possible at Neptune Memorial Reef’s underwater cemetery

When Bert Kilbride died in March at 93, after 40 years of trolling for sunken treasure in the waters off the British Virgin Islands, his son Gary wanted a fitting burial site for his dad.

He found it about 3 miles off the coast of Miami Beach, some 45 feet beneath the surface of the blue Atlantic. Neptune Memorial Reef, which doubles as an underwater cemetery, diving site and artificial habitat for tropical fish, is the brainchild of Gary Levine and his friend Kim Brandell, an artist and architect who modeled it on the mythical Lost City of Atlantis.

As you swim through the 14-foot-high gates at the entrance to Neptune, you’ll pass Kilbride’s remains, encased in cement atop one of the columns there. A plaque commemorates him as the “Last Pirate of the Caribbean.”

“In this way it is fulfilling his wishes, and it also makes it possible for family and friends to visit him,” his son, Gary Kilbride, 70, said, recalling that his father first learned to dive off Key Biscayne in 1947. The Guinness Book of World Records cited Bert Kilbride as the oldest active diver when he was 90.

“I am sure he would be very, very pleased that he is placed there,” his son said. “He had a very close connection to the sea.”

Brandell, Neptune’s designer, views his creation primarily as a manmade lure for divers and exotic fish.

“One of my main goals is to have this be the most studied artificial reef in the world,” Brandell said. “We’ll give grants and money to universities and organizations to do extensive research.”

The hope is that places such as Neptune “become real diving attractions, hence taking the pressure off our natural reefs,” said Keith Mille, an environmental specialist with the Florida Fish and Wildlife Commission. If the project succeeds, both the ecosystem and the local economy will profit, he said.

Though Neptune openly plugs the environmental upside, there’s no avoiding the fact that the reef is financed by the increasing demand for cheaper burial options. Neptune Society Inc., the company that markets the reef, charges from $1,000 to $6,000 for cremation and an underwater plot. For similar services above water, its rates start at about $3,000.

A traditional underground burial, with casket and cemetery plot, costs on average about $7,300 and can range as high as $28,700, according to Jessica Koth, communications coordinator at the Wisconsin-based National Funeral Directors Association.

Neptune Memorial Reef is situated within the Key Biscayne Special Management Zone, a protected area created in 1990 by the U.S. Department of Commerce and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration to limit the impact of unrestrained fishing. Fish traps and spear guns are prohibited in the zone.

Originally, the reef was named for Atlantis. That changed after its owner, Afterlife Services Inc., partnered with Neptune Society and its parent BG Capital last year to form Neptune Reef LLC. So far, Neptune has sold 50 burial sites, according to its president, Jerry Norman.

The reef will eventually cover 16 acres of sandy ocean floor and hold the remains of more than 100,000 individuals, Norman said.

Levine, who used to own a small computer retail chain in Texas, came up with the idea of situating an undersea burial ground within an artificial reef in 2003. It took him four years to win the necessary approvals to build it from more than a dozen federal, state and local agencies.

Levine said he had to convince officials that Neptune could withstand a 100-year storm such as Hurricane Katrina. Construction began about a year ago. Brandell said he hopes to have the site completed within 7 to 10 years.

As I approach the reef early one Saturday morning in April, only a big yellow buoy bouncing in 2-foot swells marks the spot. Our small vessel tosses on the choppy sea like a toy, a reminder that the site is diver-friendly for only about 90 days out of the year, due to its unsheltered location.

Despite a churning stomach, I decide to plunge into the water. Soon, a giant sea turtle joins me, skimming by barely an arm’s length away.

As I swim through the wide archway that marks the entrance to the reef, past Romanesque columns that lead to its interior, I come upon two regal 10-foot-tall bronze lions. Schools of colorful tropical fish part in front of me.

Some pluck algae from the lions’ paws, while others nibble on the memorial plaques of the 12 people whose remains are already here. A group of yellow-striped snappers hovers above a round podium in the center.

The cemetery opened in November, and the sea life has been quick to move in, making Neptune Memorial Reef a home for shimmying schools of fish, including eel and stingrays.

The reef’s cement structures provide protective cubby holes, nooks and crannies that allow fish to hide from predators, and the porous surface helps coral to attach.

Mille said he saw more than 30 species of fish at the reef while the structures were being put in place. His agency and Miami-Dade County’s Department of Environmental Resources Management have been working closely with Neptune in the planning and creation of the site.

The Neptune reef “is one of the most unique settings in the world for a memorial to those who have died,” Levine said. “They will, in essence, live again as part of a new ecosystem.”

Juan Quinones said his adoptive father, Fred Sutton, a 79- year-old minister who died earlier this year, loved ocean cruises and wanted his ashes spread at sea. Quinones, 46, a Fort Lauderdale-based accountant, only learned of his dad’s wishes through his will.

He plans to have his father’s remains lowered into the reef this summer and is considering learning to scuba-dive so he can be there for the placement. He bought a plot on one of the entrance gates.

“My dad always had his arms open for everybody, so I felt that was the best place to put him,” Quinones said.

With Neptune still a long way from done, Levine is already planning to build 50 more acres of artificial reefs off the Florida coast, with the help of his company, Reef Builders International. These reefs will be strictly for sea life and financed through donations.

“No matter how fast I build, we could never overcome the rate of destruction of our reefs,” Levine said. “But we have to try.”


‘Bury me under the sea’ possible at Neptune Memorial Reef’s underwater cemetery

When Bert Kilbride died in March at 93, after 40 years of trolling for sunken treasure in the waters off the British Virgin Islands, his son Gary wanted a fitting burial site for his dad.

He found it about 3 miles off the coast of Miami Beach, some 45 feet beneath the surface of the blue Atlantic. Neptune Memorial Reef, which doubles as an underwater cemetery, diving site and artificial habitat for tropical fish, is the brainchild of Gary Levine and his friend Kim Brandell, an artist and architect who modeled it on the mythical Lost City of Atlantis.

As you swim through the 14-foot-high gates at the entrance to Neptune, you’ll pass Kilbride’s remains, encased in cement atop one of the columns there. A plaque commemorates him as the “Last Pirate of the Caribbean.”

“In this way it is fulfilling his wishes, and it also makes it possible for family and friends to visit him,” his son, Gary Kilbride, 70, said, recalling that his father first learned to dive off Key Biscayne in 1947. The Guinness Book of World Records cited Bert Kilbride as the oldest active diver when he was 90.

“I am sure he would be very, very pleased that he is placed there,” his son said. “He had a very close connection to the sea.”

Brandell, Neptune’s designer, views his creation primarily as a manmade lure for divers and exotic fish.

“One of my main goals is to have this be the most studied artificial reef in the world,” Brandell said. “We’ll give grants and money to universities and organizations to do extensive research.”

The hope is that places such as Neptune “become real diving attractions, hence taking the pressure off our natural reefs,” said Keith Mille, an environmental specialist with the Florida Fish and Wildlife Commission. If the project succeeds, both the ecosystem and the local economy will profit, he said.

Though Neptune openly plugs the environmental upside, there’s no avoiding the fact that the reef is financed by the increasing demand for cheaper burial options. Neptune Society Inc., the company that markets the reef, charges from $1,000 to $6,000 for cremation and an underwater plot. For similar services above water, its rates start at about $3,000.

A traditional underground burial, with casket and cemetery plot, costs on average about $7,300 and can range as high as $28,700, according to Jessica Koth, communications coordinator at the Wisconsin-based National Funeral Directors Association.

Neptune Memorial Reef is situated within the Key Biscayne Special Management Zone, a protected area created in 1990 by the U.S. Department of Commerce and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration to limit the impact of unrestrained fishing. Fish traps and spear guns are prohibited in the zone.

Originally, the reef was named for Atlantis. That changed after its owner, Afterlife Services Inc., partnered with Neptune Society and its parent BG Capital last year to form Neptune Reef LLC. So far, Neptune has sold 50 burial sites, according to its president, Jerry Norman.

The reef will eventually cover 16 acres of sandy ocean floor and hold the remains of more than 100,000 individuals, Norman said.

Levine, who used to own a small computer retail chain in Texas, came up with the idea of situating an undersea burial ground within an artificial reef in 2003. It took him four years to win the necessary approvals to build it from more than a dozen federal, state and local agencies.

Levine said he had to convince officials that Neptune could withstand a 100-year storm such as Hurricane Katrina. Construction began about a year ago. Brandell said he hopes to have the site completed within 7 to 10 years.

As I approach the reef early one Saturday morning in April, only a big yellow buoy bouncing in 2-foot swells marks the spot. Our small vessel tosses on the choppy sea like a toy, a reminder that the site is diver-friendly for only about 90 days out of the year, due to its unsheltered location.

Despite a churning stomach, I decide to plunge into the water. Soon, a giant sea turtle joins me, skimming by barely an arm’s length away.

As I swim through the wide archway that marks the entrance to the reef, past Romanesque columns that lead to its interior, I come upon two regal 10-foot-tall bronze lions. Schools of colorful tropical fish part in front of me.

Some pluck algae from the lions’ paws, while others nibble on the memorial plaques of the 12 people whose remains are already here. A group of yellow-striped snappers hovers above a round podium in the center.

The cemetery opened in November, and the sea life has been quick to move in, making Neptune Memorial Reef a home for shimmying schools of fish, including eel and stingrays.

The reef’s cement structures provide protective cubby holes, nooks and crannies that allow fish to hide from predators, and the porous surface helps coral to attach.

Mille said he saw more than 30 species of fish at the reef while the structures were being put in place. His agency and Miami-Dade County’s Department of Environmental Resources Management have been working closely with Neptune in the planning and creation of the site.

The Neptune reef “is one of the most unique settings in the world for a memorial to those who have died,” Levine said. “They will, in essence, live again as part of a new ecosystem.”

Juan Quinones said his adoptive father, Fred Sutton, a 79- year-old minister who died earlier this year, loved ocean cruises and wanted his ashes spread at sea. Quinones, 46, a Fort Lauderdale-based accountant, only learned of his dad’s wishes through his will.

He plans to have his father’s remains lowered into the reef this summer and is considering learning to scuba-dive so he can be there for the placement. He bought a plot on one of the entrance gates.

“My dad always had his arms open for everybody, so I felt that was the best place to put him,” Quinones said.

With Neptune still a long way from done, Levine is already planning to build 50 more acres of artificial reefs off the Florida coast, with the help of his company, Reef Builders International. These reefs will be strictly for sea life and financed through donations.

“No matter how fast I build, we could never overcome the rate of destruction of our reefs,” Levine said. “But we have to try.”


‘Bury me under the sea’ possible at Neptune Memorial Reef’s underwater cemetery

When Bert Kilbride died in March at 93, after 40 years of trolling for sunken treasure in the waters off the British Virgin Islands, his son Gary wanted a fitting burial site for his dad.

He found it about 3 miles off the coast of Miami Beach, some 45 feet beneath the surface of the blue Atlantic. Neptune Memorial Reef, which doubles as an underwater cemetery, diving site and artificial habitat for tropical fish, is the brainchild of Gary Levine and his friend Kim Brandell, an artist and architect who modeled it on the mythical Lost City of Atlantis.

As you swim through the 14-foot-high gates at the entrance to Neptune, you’ll pass Kilbride’s remains, encased in cement atop one of the columns there. A plaque commemorates him as the “Last Pirate of the Caribbean.”

“In this way it is fulfilling his wishes, and it also makes it possible for family and friends to visit him,” his son, Gary Kilbride, 70, said, recalling that his father first learned to dive off Key Biscayne in 1947. The Guinness Book of World Records cited Bert Kilbride as the oldest active diver when he was 90.

“I am sure he would be very, very pleased that he is placed there,” his son said. “He had a very close connection to the sea.”

Brandell, Neptune’s designer, views his creation primarily as a manmade lure for divers and exotic fish.

“One of my main goals is to have this be the most studied artificial reef in the world,” Brandell said. “We’ll give grants and money to universities and organizations to do extensive research.”

The hope is that places such as Neptune “become real diving attractions, hence taking the pressure off our natural reefs,” said Keith Mille, an environmental specialist with the Florida Fish and Wildlife Commission. If the project succeeds, both the ecosystem and the local economy will profit, he said.

Though Neptune openly plugs the environmental upside, there’s no avoiding the fact that the reef is financed by the increasing demand for cheaper burial options. Neptune Society Inc., the company that markets the reef, charges from $1,000 to $6,000 for cremation and an underwater plot. For similar services above water, its rates start at about $3,000.

A traditional underground burial, with casket and cemetery plot, costs on average about $7,300 and can range as high as $28,700, according to Jessica Koth, communications coordinator at the Wisconsin-based National Funeral Directors Association.

Neptune Memorial Reef is situated within the Key Biscayne Special Management Zone, a protected area created in 1990 by the U.S. Department of Commerce and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration to limit the impact of unrestrained fishing. Fish traps and spear guns are prohibited in the zone.

Originally, the reef was named for Atlantis. That changed after its owner, Afterlife Services Inc., partnered with Neptune Society and its parent BG Capital last year to form Neptune Reef LLC. So far, Neptune has sold 50 burial sites, according to its president, Jerry Norman.

The reef will eventually cover 16 acres of sandy ocean floor and hold the remains of more than 100,000 individuals, Norman said.

Levine, who used to own a small computer retail chain in Texas, came up with the idea of situating an undersea burial ground within an artificial reef in 2003. It took him four years to win the necessary approvals to build it from more than a dozen federal, state and local agencies.

Levine said he had to convince officials that Neptune could withstand a 100-year storm such as Hurricane Katrina. Construction began about a year ago. Brandell said he hopes to have the site completed within 7 to 10 years.

As I approach the reef early one Saturday morning in April, only a big yellow buoy bouncing in 2-foot swells marks the spot. Our small vessel tosses on the choppy sea like a toy, a reminder that the site is diver-friendly for only about 90 days out of the year, due to its unsheltered location.

Despite a churning stomach, I decide to plunge into the water. Soon, a giant sea turtle joins me, skimming by barely an arm’s length away.

As I swim through the wide archway that marks the entrance to the reef, past Romanesque columns that lead to its interior, I come upon two regal 10-foot-tall bronze lions. Schools of colorful tropical fish part in front of me.

Some pluck algae from the lions’ paws, while others nibble on the memorial plaques of the 12 people whose remains are already here. A group of yellow-striped snappers hovers above a round podium in the center.

The cemetery opened in November, and the sea life has been quick to move in, making Neptune Memorial Reef a home for shimmying schools of fish, including eel and stingrays.

The reef’s cement structures provide protective cubby holes, nooks and crannies that allow fish to hide from predators, and the porous surface helps coral to attach.

Mille said he saw more than 30 species of fish at the reef while the structures were being put in place. His agency and Miami-Dade County’s Department of Environmental Resources Management have been working closely with Neptune in the planning and creation of the site.

The Neptune reef “is one of the most unique settings in the world for a memorial to those who have died,” Levine said. “They will, in essence, live again as part of a new ecosystem.”

Juan Quinones said his adoptive father, Fred Sutton, a 79- year-old minister who died earlier this year, loved ocean cruises and wanted his ashes spread at sea. Quinones, 46, a Fort Lauderdale-based accountant, only learned of his dad’s wishes through his will.

He plans to have his father’s remains lowered into the reef this summer and is considering learning to scuba-dive so he can be there for the placement. He bought a plot on one of the entrance gates.

“My dad always had his arms open for everybody, so I felt that was the best place to put him,” Quinones said.

With Neptune still a long way from done, Levine is already planning to build 50 more acres of artificial reefs off the Florida coast, with the help of his company, Reef Builders International. These reefs will be strictly for sea life and financed through donations.

“No matter how fast I build, we could never overcome the rate of destruction of our reefs,” Levine said. “But we have to try.”


‘Bury me under the sea’ possible at Neptune Memorial Reef’s underwater cemetery

When Bert Kilbride died in March at 93, after 40 years of trolling for sunken treasure in the waters off the British Virgin Islands, his son Gary wanted a fitting burial site for his dad.

He found it about 3 miles off the coast of Miami Beach, some 45 feet beneath the surface of the blue Atlantic. Neptune Memorial Reef, which doubles as an underwater cemetery, diving site and artificial habitat for tropical fish, is the brainchild of Gary Levine and his friend Kim Brandell, an artist and architect who modeled it on the mythical Lost City of Atlantis.

As you swim through the 14-foot-high gates at the entrance to Neptune, you’ll pass Kilbride’s remains, encased in cement atop one of the columns there. A plaque commemorates him as the “Last Pirate of the Caribbean.”

“In this way it is fulfilling his wishes, and it also makes it possible for family and friends to visit him,” his son, Gary Kilbride, 70, said, recalling that his father first learned to dive off Key Biscayne in 1947. The Guinness Book of World Records cited Bert Kilbride as the oldest active diver when he was 90.

“I am sure he would be very, very pleased that he is placed there,” his son said. “He had a very close connection to the sea.”

Brandell, Neptune’s designer, views his creation primarily as a manmade lure for divers and exotic fish.

“One of my main goals is to have this be the most studied artificial reef in the world,” Brandell said. “We’ll give grants and money to universities and organizations to do extensive research.”

The hope is that places such as Neptune “become real diving attractions, hence taking the pressure off our natural reefs,” said Keith Mille, an environmental specialist with the Florida Fish and Wildlife Commission. If the project succeeds, both the ecosystem and the local economy will profit, he said.

Though Neptune openly plugs the environmental upside, there’s no avoiding the fact that the reef is financed by the increasing demand for cheaper burial options. Neptune Society Inc., the company that markets the reef, charges from $1,000 to $6,000 for cremation and an underwater plot. For similar services above water, its rates start at about $3,000.

A traditional underground burial, with casket and cemetery plot, costs on average about $7,300 and can range as high as $28,700, according to Jessica Koth, communications coordinator at the Wisconsin-based National Funeral Directors Association.

Neptune Memorial Reef is situated within the Key Biscayne Special Management Zone, a protected area created in 1990 by the U.S. Department of Commerce and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration to limit the impact of unrestrained fishing. Fish traps and spear guns are prohibited in the zone.

Originally, the reef was named for Atlantis. That changed after its owner, Afterlife Services Inc., partnered with Neptune Society and its parent BG Capital last year to form Neptune Reef LLC. So far, Neptune has sold 50 burial sites, according to its president, Jerry Norman.

The reef will eventually cover 16 acres of sandy ocean floor and hold the remains of more than 100,000 individuals, Norman said.

Levine, who used to own a small computer retail chain in Texas, came up with the idea of situating an undersea burial ground within an artificial reef in 2003. It took him four years to win the necessary approvals to build it from more than a dozen federal, state and local agencies.

Levine said he had to convince officials that Neptune could withstand a 100-year storm such as Hurricane Katrina. Construction began about a year ago. Brandell said he hopes to have the site completed within 7 to 10 years.

As I approach the reef early one Saturday morning in April, only a big yellow buoy bouncing in 2-foot swells marks the spot. Our small vessel tosses on the choppy sea like a toy, a reminder that the site is diver-friendly for only about 90 days out of the year, due to its unsheltered location.

Despite a churning stomach, I decide to plunge into the water. Soon, a giant sea turtle joins me, skimming by barely an arm’s length away.

As I swim through the wide archway that marks the entrance to the reef, past Romanesque columns that lead to its interior, I come upon two regal 10-foot-tall bronze lions. Schools of colorful tropical fish part in front of me.

Some pluck algae from the lions’ paws, while others nibble on the memorial plaques of the 12 people whose remains are already here. A group of yellow-striped snappers hovers above a round podium in the center.

The cemetery opened in November, and the sea life has been quick to move in, making Neptune Memorial Reef a home for shimmying schools of fish, including eel and stingrays.

The reef’s cement structures provide protective cubby holes, nooks and crannies that allow fish to hide from predators, and the porous surface helps coral to attach.

Mille said he saw more than 30 species of fish at the reef while the structures were being put in place. His agency and Miami-Dade County’s Department of Environmental Resources Management have been working closely with Neptune in the planning and creation of the site.

The Neptune reef “is one of the most unique settings in the world for a memorial to those who have died,” Levine said. “They will, in essence, live again as part of a new ecosystem.”

Juan Quinones said his adoptive father, Fred Sutton, a 79- year-old minister who died earlier this year, loved ocean cruises and wanted his ashes spread at sea. Quinones, 46, a Fort Lauderdale-based accountant, only learned of his dad’s wishes through his will.

He plans to have his father’s remains lowered into the reef this summer and is considering learning to scuba-dive so he can be there for the placement. He bought a plot on one of the entrance gates.

“My dad always had his arms open for everybody, so I felt that was the best place to put him,” Quinones said.

With Neptune still a long way from done, Levine is already planning to build 50 more acres of artificial reefs off the Florida coast, with the help of his company, Reef Builders International. These reefs will be strictly for sea life and financed through donations.

“No matter how fast I build, we could never overcome the rate of destruction of our reefs,” Levine said. “But we have to try.”


Tonton videonya: Dunia bawah laut aquascape (Januari 2022).